Thought Vectors - Ted Nelson: Art not Technology

July 5, 2014 · · Posted by Greg Lloyd

ImageThe technoid vision, as expressed by various pundits of electronic media, seems to be this: tomorrow's world will be terribly complex, but we won't have to understand it. Fluttering though halestorms of granular information, ignorant like butterflies, we will be guided by smell, or Agents, or leprechauns, to this or that pretty picture, or media object, or factoid. If we have a Question, it will be possible to ask it in English. Little men and bunny rabbits will talk to us from the computer screen, making us feel more comfortable about our delirious ignorance as we flutter through this completely trustworthy technological paradise about which we know less and less.

To give up on human understanding is to give up hope, what we call in English "a counsel of despair." I think there is hope for much better and more powerful software designs that will give ordinary people the power over computers that they have always wanted - power with complete understanding. But that requires inspired software design, which I believe is art and not technology.

I believe the technoid vision does not comprehend what is humanly desired, humanly needed, and humanly possible. Especially the need and possiblity of human understanding. So excuse me from the butterfly crowd; I hope you will come with me to where understanding may be found.

Ted Nelson
The Future of Information
ASCII Corporation, Japan 1997
Image courtesy of Computer History Museum

This quote makes a point similar to Ted Nelson’s July 2014 interview with Gardner Campbell, his 2011 Possiplex autobiography, his 1975 Computer Lib / Dream Machines and his 1970 Swathmore College Bulletin Barnum-Tronics article.¬†Nelson sees computer technology as a medium for creative expression, not an end in itself, or a cheap replacement for human creativity. He cites film directors and showmen among his primary inspirations and heros, saying that his personal ephipany came in the early 1960's when he learned that it was possible to connect computers to screens. Nelson invented the terms hypertext and hypermedia to describe the new capabilities that he envisioned. For Nelson, what you see and interact with on a computer screen should be an inspired product of human intelligence, created using new engines of expression, forming an endlessly evolving and deeply intertwingled corpus of literature: "To program Renaissance humanism for computers of the future, says the author, Gutenbergs, D. W. Griffiths, and P. T. Barnums are called for, not engineers" Barnum-Tronics. Following Nelson's analogy, history put him in a position where he would have to invent the motion picture camera in order to achieve his goals. I believe his aim is to become the seminal director, intellectual father, and chief showman for the new media which are his earliest and most influential inventions.

Ladies and gentlemen, the age of prestidigitative presentation and publishing is about to begin. Palpitating presentations, screen-scribbled, will dance to your desire, making manifest the many mysteries of winding wisdom. But if we are to rehumanize an increasingly brutal and disagreeable world, we must step up our efforts. And we must hurry. Hurry. Step right up. — Ted Nelson, Barnum-Tronics



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Intertwingled, The Festschrift-- Ebook celebrating Ted Nelson Day at Chapman University, 2014 (Springer-Verlag) (via @TheTedNelson, 12 Jul 2015) A free Springer ebook edited by Douglas R. Dechow and Daniele C. Struppa (pdf and epub editions are free, hard bound costs $59.99). Chapters by Alan Kay, Brewster Kahle, Belinda Barnet, Ken Knowlton, Dame Wendy Hall, and others. Closing chapter What Box? by Ted Nelson. I highly recommend this book.

Living The Dreams: A Conversation With Ted Nelson Published on Jul 5, 2014. Dr. Ted Nelson speaks with Dr. Gardner Campbell about research, fantics, computer liberation, and the ongoing struggle between schooling and learning. A conversation undertaken in support of Living The Dreams: Digital Investigation and Unfettered Minds a digital engagement pilot of Virginia Commonwealth University's UNIV 200, Inquiry and the Craft of Argument.

Ted Nelson talk - Possiplex book launch From Welcome to Possiplex : An Autobiography of Ted Nelson party at the Internet Archive on Oct 8, 2010.

Possiplex: Movies, Intellect, Creative Control, My Computer Life and the Fight for Civilization, an autobiography of Ted Nelson, Mindful Press, Feb 2011.

Triangulation 164 - Conversation with Ted Nelson Leo Laporte's July 2014 conversation with Ted Nelson, broadcast Aug 18, 2014 on On hypertext, Xanadu - and being a media guy. "To me, all media are alike. You think about what are the effects you want - and you think about what are the technicalities it will take to give you those effects. So when I took a computer course in graduate school, I thought 'Holy smoke, you can put interactive screens on them'... Interactive screens were instantly obvious to me."

Barnum-Tronics by Ted Nelson '59, Swathmore College Bulletin, Dec 1970, pp 12-15. "Suddenly it was all clear to me. There was soon going to be a whole new world, where all forms of presentation are fabulously computer controlled from scripts stored in the machines which unfold according to viewers’ reactions.

This vision cut across everything was interested in, and its problems were not narrow and technical; they were matters of writing and showmanship! There was to be a whole new field of computer-controlled presentation that needed not engineers, but Gutenbergs, D. W. Griffiths, P. T. Barnums! Here, in short, was what all my training had led to accidentally.”

Computer Lib / Dream Machines A brief description of Ted Nelson's 1974 book. Ordering information for an authorized 2014 replica reprint, which I highly recommend. See New Media Reader Computer Lib / Dream Machines excerpt

Ted Nelson Archive - The Internet Archive A collection of over 400 papers, publications, and personal notes from Ted Nelson, including hand written design notes, internal and public memos on Project Xanadu, a photo of Ted Nelson with a model Xanadu stand (1983), interviews, lectures, magazine articles, personal memoirs, hypertext demos (including the script for a proposed 1968 SJCC HES demo based on Nabokov's Pale Fire), a full .pdf copy of Nelson's Literary Machines (Edition 87.1 along with earlier versions), and much more.

Video Archive MIT / Brown Vannevar Bush Symposium: A Celebration of Vannevar Bush's 1945 Vision, An Examination of What Has Been Accomplished, and What Remains to Be Done. Oct 12-13 1995, MIT. Talks and panel discussion with Doug Engelbart, Ted Nelson, Andy van Dam, Tim Berners-Lee, Alan Kay and others. See also ACM Interactions summary (free access), transcript of day 1 and day 2 panels.

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